Crypto Fear and Greed Index Explained: How is It Calculated?

In the volatile crypto market, investors’ emotions play a significant role. When the price is constantly going back and forth, you will see a lot of people buying and selling their crypto based on emotions alone. The Crypto Fear and Greed Index is a key tool that categorizes sentiment from extreme fear to extreme greed. In this article, we will dive into the details of what the crypto fear and greed index is and how it works. Let’s take a look:

What is the Fear and Greed Index?

What is the Fear and Greed Index

The Fear and Greed Index is a vital measure of investor sentiment in stocks and cryptocurrency markets. Developed by CNN Business, this index is recalculated daily, weekly, monthly, and yearly. It captures how emotions impact the valuation of these assets and are an important driving force in the market.

Excessive fear can lower asset prices, while unchecked greed can drive them upward. That is the simple formula on which the fear and greed index is built. This connection between human psychology and market dynamics is quite important and should never be ignored by investors.

The Fear and Greed Index can also reveal overarching market trends. By showing how fear can undervalue assets and how greed can fuel surges, it’s a reliable tool for investment research and market timing.

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What is the Fear and Greed Index in Crypto?

Similar to traditional markets, cryptocurrencies have their own unique Fear and Greed Index, commonly known as the Crypto Fear and Greed Index, accessible live on 24×7. This index gathers information from various online sources to get a good idea of public sentiment towards the crypto giant Bitcoin and other altcoins.

The Crypto Fear and Greed Index assesses several key factors. It analyzes the price fluctuations over the previous month plus the last three months, observes trading activity, and notes the pace of price changes. Additionally, it monitors social media platforms like Twitter and goes through hashtags related to different cryptocurrencies to get an idea of public consensus. The index also evaluates Bitcoin’s dominance among other cryptocurrencies and tracks online search volumes for Bitcoin. All these factors converge to provide a snapshot of how people perceive the crypto market at that time.

How is the Crypto Fear and Greed Index Calculated

The Fear and Greed Index for crypto is calculated by, and they consider the following factors:

Online Searches:

This aspect involves monitoring online searches, especially those related to Bitcoin. A large number of searches indicate heightened interest and, often, greed among investors. This element contributes to the index and serves as an early indicator for potential significant shifts in crypto prices. This element contributes 10% to the index and serves as an early indicator for potential significant shifts in crypto prices.

Market Dominance:

Market dominance examines how much of the entire crypto market is controlled by a single cryptocurrency, typically Bitcoin. Higher dominance implies less diversity in the market, while a decrease could signal increasing investor greed. This factor holds 10% weight in the index.

Social Media:

With social media being a major influencer, this component evaluates hashtags, discussions, and trending themes related to cryptocurrencies on platforms like Twitter. Increased online conversations can indicate growing greed among investors, and a drop in popularity indicates that the greed is dying. This factor contributes 15% to the equation.

Market Momentum:

Market momentum illustrates the market as a wave and examines whether the market can sustain its current direction. This important factor offers insights into the overall trajectory of the market. It helps investors understand the potential longevity of general market trends. Market momentum is a major factor and contributes 25% to the equation.

Price Volatility:

Assessing how much cryptocurrency prices fluctuate, this factor reflects investor nervousness and the presence of fear in the market. High price volatility contributes to a perception of fear. It is a vital indicator of the overall market sentiment and helps investors gauge the level of uncertainty. It also contributes 25% to the equation.


Surveys play a crucial role in capturing the sentiments of over 2000 participants regarding their feelings about the crypto market. A higher number of responses indicates a larger pool of investors contributing to the index. This helps in assessing the overall greed existing in the market. However, it used to contribute 15% to the Fear and Greed Index. According to the latest update, the Surveys are currently paused and are not being considered.

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How to Trade Crypto Using Fear and Greed Index

Now that you have understood how the Fear and Greed Index is calculated, below are some tips that can help you understand how it can be used within the crypto market.

Low Index:

When the Fear and Greed Index is low, it signals a potential upward movement in cryptocurrency prices. This could be your cue to consider buying, holding, or selling. Generally, during price uptrends, it’s a favorable time to sell and capitalize on gains.

High Index:

On the other hand, a high index suggests that cryptocurrency prices might soon decrease. This presents an opportunity to buy, akin to catching a sale. Lower prices create favorable conditions for making a purchase. The index’s movements reflect market rallies or temporary dips.

Emotions in Action:

Beyond numbers, the index captures emotions. As it enters a zone of intense anxiety, a turnaround often follows. Fear gradually transforms into early signs of greed, eventually evolving into full-blown greed. Recognizing these emotional shifts can help you with planning your trading strategies better.

Tracking Market Sentiment Shifts

The Cryptocurrency Fear and Greed Index excels at tracking shifts in market sentiment. During significant market swings, you may seize opportunities before others catch on. It’s all about predicting the next market shift.

Snapshot, Not Long-Term Analysis

Understand that the index offers a snapshot of emotions in the moment. It isn’t the best tool for analyzing long-term trends in the crypto market. Instead, it captures cycles of fear and greed within larger market trends. This makes it particularly useful for swing traders, who trade based on anticipated market movements.

How to Read the Crypto Fear and Greed Index?

How to Read the Crypto Fear and Greed Index

Understanding how to read the Crypto Fear and Greed Index is straightforward. It operates on a spectrum, ranging from peak fear at the lowest end to peak greed at the opposite end. The scale includes various values in between and offers a broad view of market sentiment.

This index is regularly updated using calculations and data sources, providing both current and historical values. The numeric value displayed tells you the sentiment of the market. For instance, it might show 30, which is considered fear, or 80, which indicates extreme greed’. This numerical representation gives a quick snapshot of how the market is generally feeling.

Limitations of the Crypto Fear and Greed Index

The Fear and Greed Index, while valuable, has its limitations rooted in subjectivity. Relying on indicators like search analytics and social media metrics introduces a level of subjectiveness and could paint a misleading picture of the cryptocurrency market.

One significant drawback is the lack of transparency surrounding the calculation of Fear and Greed indexes. While we know the factors that are considered, we do not know how the full calculation is done. This information isn’t publicly available and could lead to confusion, making it challenging for investors to comprehend the algorithms driving the index.

Also, given the speculative and highly volatile nature of the market, sentiments can swiftly change. The index struggles to capture the accurate mood at any moment, making providing real-time insights challenging. While this index can be a useful tool, it is important to remember that it’s not the only metric you should rely on.


In summary, the Fear and Greed Index is an extremely useful tool for crypto traders. Dealing with the highly volatile crypto market can be challenging, and this tool helps make that challenge a little easier. It provides insights into market sentiment and helps investors make better decisions during constant price fluctuations. This index’s potential lies in guiding traders to rational choices and avoiding panic-induced reactions. However, it is advised that this tool should not be used solely as it is not as reliable as something like technical analysis.

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DISCLAIMER: All content on is provided for informational purposes and is not an offer to buy or sell or a solicitation of an offer to buy or sell any product, service, or investment. The opinions expressed on do not constitute investment advice, and independent financial advice should be sought where appropriate. Trading is a highly risky activity that can lead to major losses; therefore, please consult your financial advisor before making any decision. will not be held liable for any of your personal trading or investing decisions. will not be held liable for any losses you may incur by speculating in the market.

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